The Role of Garlic in Mediterranean Cuisine


Garlic is a staple ingredient in many Mediterranean cuisines, and its pungent aroma and flavor can be found in dishes from Spain to Egypt. The use of garlic in Mediterranean cuisine can be traced back to ancient civilizations, where it was believed to have medicinal properties and was used to flavor and preserve food. In this article, we will examine the history and role of garlic in Mediterranean cuisine, as well as its health benefits.

The history of garlic in Mediterranean cuisine can be traced back to ancient civilizations such as Egypt and Greece. Garlic was a common ingredient in ancient Egyptian cuisine and was used to flavor and preserve food. The ancient Greeks also used garlic in their cooking and believed it to have medicinal properties. Garlic was used to treat a variety of ailments, such as infections and heart disease.

In Mediterranean cuisine, garlic is used in a variety of dishes, from appetizers to main courses. In Spain, garlic is used to make the traditional dish "ajillo", a garlic sauce often served with seafood. In Italy, garlic is a key ingredient in dishes such as "aglio e olio", a pasta dish made with garlic and olive oil. In Greece, garlic is used in dishes such as "skordalia", a garlic and potato dip traditionally served with fish.

Garlic is also a common ingredient in Mediterranean salads, such as the traditional Greek salad "horiatiki", which contains tomatoes, cucumbers, onions, and garlic. In Morocco, garlic is used in the traditional dish "chermoula", a flavorful marinade used for fish and meats.

In addition to its role in Mediterranean cuisine, garlic is also believed to have health benefits. Garlic is a good source of vitamin C, which is important for collagen production and the growth of hair. It also contains sulfur, which is essential for the formation of keratin, the protein that makes up the majority of hair. Additionally, garlic contains minerals such as zinc, which is important for skin health and the immune system. Studies have also shown that consuming garlic may help to lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels, as well as reduce the risk of heart disease.

Garlic's anti-inflammatory properties may also be beneficial for the skin. Consuming garlic may help to reduce inflammation and redness in conditions such as acne and psoriasis. Additionally, garlic's antioxidant properties may help to protect the skin from damage caused by free radicals, which can lead to premature aging and the development of skin cancer.

In conclusion, garlic is a staple ingredient in Mediterranean cuisine, with a history dating back to ancient civilizations. Its pungent aroma and flavor can be found in a variety of dishes, from appetizers to main courses. Garlic is not only delicious but also has a number of health benefits, including its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, as well as its ability to lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels. While consuming garlic in moderate amounts as part of a healthy diet can be beneficial, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional before making any dietary changes.


1. Ried, K., Frank, O. R., & Stocks, N. P. (2008). Aged garlic extract lowers blood pressure in hypertensives: a dose-response trial. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 62(3), 517–525.

2. Ahmed, A. R., & Nada, S. A. (2012). The Effect of Garlic Extract on Scalp Dermatitis. Journal of the Egyptian Women's Dermatologic Society, 9(1), 37–41.

3. Rashed, L. A., Abdel-Hafez, H. I., & Tawfik, S. A. (2016). Garlic: A Review of Potential Therapeutic Effects. Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine, 6(4), 348–357.

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